Bosnia and Herzegovina is a small, almost landlocked country in the Balkan peninsula with a total area of 51000 km² and a population of 3.5 million inhabitants. The country roughly has the shape of a triangle and extends for about 300 km from east to west and 300 km from north to south. It borders Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. The territory is mostly mountainous, with some plains only in the northern part.
An independent Bosnian state existed briefly in the 14th century until it was conquered by the Ottoman empire in 1463. Bosnia and Herzegovina became again independent after the dissolution of Yugoslavia and the siege of Sarajevo in 1995. The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo. The economy of the country is still recovering from the destruction of the war of the 1990ies. Three main ethnic groups live in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats.
How to get to Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is connected with the European motorway and railway networks and can be reached by plane as well. The main airport is in Sarajevo.
Accommodation options include hotels and pensions, all bookable via the international booking portals.