Gyeongju, one of the most popular tourist destinations in Korea, offers an abundance of historical sites and antiquities. According to the Samguk Yusa, an early Korean historical work, it became the capital of the Silla dynasty in 57BC.
Over the course of time the Silla dynasty would end up ruling most of the Korean peninsula. Around 660 AD Silla forces joined with Chinese Tang armies to defeat the rival states Baekje and Goguryeo, unifying Korea for the first time. However, this unification included only the southern two thirds of the peninsula. The modern contours of Korea would not take shape until the Goryeo dynasty (918-1392 AD). It is said that at the peak of Silla prosperity in the late 9th century, Gyeongju had over a million residents and not a single thatched roof. Gyeongju remained the capital of Unified Silla until the kingdom's fall in 938 AD.
01 Coloured roof detail 02 Stone with Korean inscriptions 03 Red gate 04 Red gate 05 Red gate
06 Main gate 07 Main gate 08 Main gate 09 Coloured roof detail 10 Coloured roof detail
11 Trees and tumuli 12 Tumuli 13 Gate 01 Tumuli 02 Red wooden gate
03 Main entrance 04 Tumuli 05 Tumuli 06 Tumulus and square
07 Tumuli 01 Main entrance 02 Bunhwangsa temple 03 Bunhwangsa temple 04 Bunhwangsa temple
05 Stone lion guarding the pagoda corners 06 Stone figure 07 Wooden pavilion 08 Standing Yaksayeorae statue 09 Standing Yaksayeorae statue 10 Prayer leaflets hanging from roof
01 Gate to royal tomb of King Sinmun 02 Tomb of King Sinmun of Silla 03 Detail of Tomb of King Sinmun 04 Detail of tomb of King Sinmun 05 Stele of royal tomb of king Muyeol of Silla
06 Royal tomb of king Taejong Muyeol of Silla 07 Three tumuli 08 Three tumuli 09 Three tumuli 01 Cheomseongdae observatory tower
02 Cheomseongdae observatory tower 03 Cheomseongdae observatory tower 04 Cheomseongdae observatory tower 05 Cheomseongdae window 01 Path to Bae-ri three royal tombs
02 Three royal tombs in Bae-ri 03 Poseokjeong site 04 Poseokjeong site 05 Poseokjeong site 06 Neungjitap stone pagoda
07 Stone carving of oriental zodiac animal in Neungjitap 08 Stone carving of oriental zodiac animal in Neungjitap 09 Stone carving of oriental zodiac animal in Neungjitap 10 Neungjitap stone pagoda 11 Stone carving of oriental zodiac animal in Neungjitap 12 Tomb of Gim Yang
13 Tomb of General Gim Yu-Sin 14 Stone carving of oriental zodiac animal 15 Tomb of General Gim Yu-Sin 16 Stone with Korean inscriptions 17 Stone with Korean inscriptions
18 Panorama view with three tumuli 19 Six tumuli 01 Main entrance
02 Stone monument to Korean warriors 03 Stone monument to Korean warriors 04 Gate 05 Gate
06 Turtle stone monuments of Silla kings 07 Turtle stone monuments of Silla kings 08 Turtle stone monuments of Silla kings 09 View of pathway and valley
10 Panorama view of compound 11 Incense pot 12 Main pagoda 01 Wooden statues of gods
02 Altar with golden Buddha statues 03 Golden Buddha statue 04 Roof detail with colourful decorations 05 Taeungjon hall 06 Roof detail with colourful decorations
07 Pagoda 08 Pagoda and court 09 Roofs 10 Pathway to the Taeungjon hall
11 Wooden building 12 Roof detail with colourful decorations 13 Staircase and gate 14 Birojon (Vairocana Buddha hall)
15 Gwaneumjeon (Hall of Avalokitesvara) 16 Roof detail with colourful decorations 17 Roof detail with colourful decorations 18 Wooden building 19 Corridor
20 Beomyeongnu pavilion 21 Pavilion 01 Pavilion 02 Staircase through the forest 03 Pavilion
04 Mist-covered forest 01 Korean Buddhist temple 02 Korean Buddhist temple 03 Temple roof detail 04 Stone carvings representing people
05 Korean Buddhist temple 06 Rice paddy 07 Rice paddy 08 Rice plants with seeds
09 Rice plants with seeds 10 Traditional Korean village houses 11 Traditional Korean village houses 12 Panorama view of Gyeongju valley
13 Panorama view of Gyeongju valley 14 Red post box 15 Gyeongju street at night 16 Roofs of Korean houses
17 Roofs of Korean houses 18 Korean schoolchildren
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