The city of Alexandria lies along Egypt's Mediterranean coast, 180km northwest of Cairo. The city extends over a narrow strip, extending for 20km along the coast and only 3km inland. It is the largest seaport of Egypt, through which 80% of Egypt's imports and exports pass.
Alexandria was founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great and later became a very important city in the Roman empire and a major centre of the sciences. After the fall of the Roman empire it experienced a period of decline, which lasted until the arrival of Napoleon in 1798. In the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries Alexandria boomed again, then entered into a phase of decline after the take over of Nasser in 1952.
Alexandria only has a few sights which may be of interest for tourists. The waterfront is in a very poor state, since it consists of an endless wall of concrete skyscrapers. The Corniche (i.e. the coastal road) is always congested with traffic and there are no traffic lights to help pedestrians cross the street.
01 Bibliotheca Alexandrina 02 Outer wall with carvings in various languages 03 Bibliotheca Alexandrina 04 Main hall and roof
05 Main reading room 06 Book shelves 07 Main reading room 08 Main reading room
09 Intertype book press 10 Roof 11 Bibliotheca Alexandrina
01 Citadel of Qaitbay 02 Qaitbay fortress entrance 03 Qaitbay fortress
04 Qaitbay fortress 05 Tower 06 Inner wall 07 Citadel of Qaitbey 08 Ceiling
09 Staircase 10 Hallway 11 Hallway 12 Barred window 13 Barred windows
14 Corridor 15 Embrasures 16 Embrasure 17 Hallway 18 Barred windows
19 Qaitbay citadel with inner court 01 Waiting area with chairs 02 National terminal at sunset 03 Airport terminal at sunset 04 National terminal at sunset
05 Waiting area with chairs 06 Rows of seats in the departure area 07 Cafe 08 National terminal at sunset
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©Copyright Alfred Molon