The city of Turpan, also known as Turfan or Turufan, is an oasis city in Xinjiang located 150 km south of Urumqi in a mountain basin on the northern side of the Turpan depression. Part of the Turpan depression lies 154 m below sea level and is the lowest spot in China and the second lowest depression in the world. The city receives practically no rain and relies on a system of irrigation channels supplying the city with water from the nearby mountains. Near Turpan are several grape farms.
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